Student Research Projects

Spanish Feminist Poet, Carmen Conde: Expanding the Female Conscience during the Franco Dictatorship

Student Stephanie Harron, ‘15 (Hispanic Studies and Music)
Department Foreign Languages and Literature
Course SPAN 317: Civilization of Spain


Despite the social and political trials for women during Franco Regime in Spain (1939 to 1975), feminist poet, Carmen Conde (1907-1996), sought to liberate the female conscience described in her transcendental poetry. During the Second Republic, women fought for equal representation by participating in social organizations such as Mujeres Libres, which opposed traditional female values as "angels of the hearth" and "the perfect married woman." According to Roman Catholic and Franco doctrine, a female's purpose was exclusively responsible for the well-being of her children and husband, which contrasted with the vast, enlightening opportunities for males to pursue work and intellectual thought. In her poetry, particularly; "Nostalgia de la Mujer," "Desierto Sajara," "Dominio," and "Voy ausentandome de Mi," Conde liberates the female voice from social and domestic bondage to explore opportunity and consciousness with reflective and spiritual tones; poignant language; and descriptive, earthy imagery. As women's studies and development is advancing in schools and becoming more socially recognized, it is important to be reminded of historical struggles and achievements in this post-modern day society. Throughout history, slavery, segregation and tyranical social systems have divided the common bond of humanity. Conde's poetry transcends social oppression and norms to shape a greater purpose for human existence and essentially universal equality