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Student Research Projects

You Can and You Did: Encouragement and Feedback in Relation to Performance

Student Jessica Pittman, '18
Faculty Mentor(s)
Department Psychology
Course PSY 480: Originia Research Project


The aim of the present study is to investigate the potential relationship between trait self-efficacy, feedback, encouragement, and performance. VWC students (N = 80) first completed the Mathematic Self-Efficacy Scale to measure their trait self-efficacy towards mathematics in general. Participants then completed the first set of Modular Arithmetic problems to serve as a baseline for performance. They then received feedback, being told that they scored in the 90th percentile, after completing the first set of problems and/or encouragement during the second set of problems. A portion of students received neither of the manipulations creating a control group. There was a practice effect regardless of what condition the participant was in and a positive correlation between trait self-efficacy and performance. Additionally, there was a positive effect of feedback on performance. The implications of this study could enhance students\' performance and be used to further understand how students are influenced by feedback.